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Difference between revisions of "Lustre 2.0 Features"

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For more information on COS, see:
For more information on COS, see:
* [http://wiki.lustre.org/images/8/8b/COS_HLD.pdf COS HLD]
* COS Test Plan
* [http://wiki.lustre.org/images/5/5e/COS_TestPlan.pdf COS Test Plan]

Revision as of 11:34, 23 September 2009

Lustre 2.0 and 2.x releases will introduce several significant new features and improved system functionality. This page provides descriptions of these features and lists the benefits offered by upgrading to the Lustre 2.0 release family. For the latest information on when Lustre 2.0 is expected to be released, see the Lustre Roadmap.

Lustre 2.0.0

The initial Lustre 2.0 release (known as 2.0.0) will offer these features:


Changelogs record events that change the filesystem namespace or file metadata. Events such as file creation, deletion, renaming, attribute changes, etc. are recorded with the target and parent file identifiers (FIDs), the name of the target, and a timestamp. These records can be used for a variety of purposes:

  • Record recent changes to feed into an archiving system.
  • Use changelog entries to exactly replicate changes in a filesystem mirror.
  • Set up "watch scripts" that take action on certain events or directories. Changelog record are persistent (on disk) until explicitly cleared by the user. The are guaranteed to accurately reflect on-disk changes in the event of a server failure.
  • Maintain a rough audit trail (file/directory changes with timestamps, but no user information).

These are sample changelog entries:

2 02MKDIR 4298396676 0x0 t=[0x200000405:0x15f9:0x0] p=[0x13:0x15e5a7a3:0x0] pics
3 01CREAT 4298402264 0x0 t=[0x200000405:0x15fa:0x0] p=[0x200000405:0x15f9:0x0] chloe.jpg
4 06UNLNK 4298404466 0x0 t=[0x200000405:0x15fa:0x0] p=[0x200000405:0x15f9:0x0] chloe.jpg
5 07RMDIR 4298405394 0x0 t=[0x200000405:0x15f9:0x0] p=[0x13:0x15e5a7a3:0x0] pics 

The record types are:

Record Type Description
MARK internal recordkeeping
CREAT regular file creation
MKDIR directory creation
HLINK hardlink
SLINK softlink
MKNOD other file creation
UNLNK regular file removal
RMDIR directory removal
RNMFM rename, original
RNMTO rename, final
OPEN file opened for write
CLOSE file closed for write
IOCTL ioctl on file or directory
TRUNC regular file truncated
SATTR attribute change
XATTR extended attribute change
UNKNW unknown op

FID-to-full-pathname and pathname-to-FID functions are also included to map target and parent FIDs into the filesystem namespace.

Why should I upgrade to Lustre 2.0.0 to get it?

Changelogs offer these benefits:

  • File/directory change notification
  • Event notification
  • Filesystem replication
  • File backup policy decisions
  • Audit trail

Additional Resources

For more information about changelogs, see:

Commit on Share

The Commit on Share (COS) feature prevents missing clients from causing cascading evictions of other clients. If some clients miss the recovery window, remaining clients are not evicted.

When an MDS starts up and enters recovery mode after a failover or service restart, clients begin to reconnect and replay their uncommitted transactions. If one or more clients miss the recovery window, this may cause other clients to abort their transactions or be evicted. The transactions of evicted clients cannot be applied and are aborted. This causes a cascade effect as transactions dependent on the aborted ones fail and so on. COS addresses this problem by eliminating dependent transactions. With no dependent, uncommitted transactions to apply, the clients replay their requests independently without the risk of being evicted.

Why should I upgrade to Lustre 2.0.0 to get it?

COS offers these benefits:

  • Allows clients to always be able to recover, regardless of whether other clients have failed.
  • Reduces recovery problems when multiple node failures occur

Additional Resources

For more information on COS, see:


The replication feature provides namespace and data replication to an external (remote) backup system without having to scan the file system for inode changes and modification times. Lustre metadata changelogs are used to record file system changes and determine which directory and file operations to execute on the replicated system. The replication feature differs from existing backup/replication/synchronization systems because it avoids full file system scans, which can be unreasonably time-consuming for very large file systems. Also, the replication process can be resumed from where it left off, so the replicated file system is fully synchronized when operation completes. Replication may be bi-directional for distinct directories.

The replicated system may be another Lustre file system or any other file system. The replica is an exact copy of the namespace of the original file system at a given point in time. However, the replicated file system is not a snapshot of the source file system in that its contents may differ from the original file system's contents. On the replicated file system, a file's contents will be the data in the file at the time the file transfer occurred.

Why should I upgrade to Lustre 2.0.0 to get it?

Replication offers these benefits:

  • Namespace-coherent duplication of large file systems without scanning the complete file system
  • Functionality is safe when run repeatedly or run after an aborted attempt
  • Synchronization facility to switch the role of source and target file systems
  • In the case of recovery, the feature provides for reverse replication

Additional Resources

For more information on replication, see:

Lustre 2.x

Lustre 2.x releases will offer these features:


The HSM feature provides several mechanisms to interface with an external HSM system. External components include the policy engine, and file storage, retrieval, and removal methods. The external components are expected to run in userspace. Internal components include Lustre metadata extensions, and a distributed coordinator/agent architecture to call the file storage methods. Policy engine input and feedback is expected to occur primarily though the changelog. In its initial implementation, the HSM feature uses HPSS for the external components.

Why should I upgrade to Lustre 2.x to get it?

HSM offers these benefits:

  • Cost-effective filesystem expansion
  • Potential for backup policies in the policy engine

Additional Resources

For more information on HSM, see:

Clustered Metadata (CMD)

The CMD feature...

Why should I upgrade to Lustre 2.0.0 to get it?

Security CMD offers these benefits:

Additional Resources

For more information on CMD, see:

Security GSS

The Security GSS feature...

Why should I upgrade to Lustre 2.0.0 to get it?

Security GSS offers these benefits:

Additional Resources

For more information on Security GSS, see:

ZFS Object Storage Device (OSD)

The ZFS OSD feature...

Why should I upgrade to Lustre 2.0.0 to get it?

ZFS OSD offers these benefits:

Additional Resources

For more information on ZFS OSD, see: