WARNING: This is the _old_ Lustre wiki, and it is in the process of being retired. The information found here is all likely to be out of date. Please search the new wiki for more up to date information.
Diagnostic and Debugging Tools
A variety of diagnostic and analysis tools are available to debug issues with the Lustre™ software. Some of these are provided in Linux distributions, while others have been developed and are made available by the Lustre project.
Lustre Debugging Tools
The following in-kernel debug mechanisms are incorporated into the Lustre software:
- Debug logs. A circular debug buffer to which Lustre internal debug messages are written (in contrast to error messages, which are printed to the syslog or console). Entries to the Lustre debug log are controlled by the mask set by /proc/sys/lnet/debug. The log size defaults to 5 MB per CPU but can be increased as a busy system will quickly overwrite 5 MB. When the buffer fills, the oldest information is discarded.
- Debug daemon. The debug daemon controls logging of debug messages.
- /proc/sys/lnet/debug. This utility? tool? function? contains? a mask that can be used to delimit the debugging information written out to the kernel debug logs.
These tools are also provided with the Lustre software:
- lctl. This tool is used with the debug_kernel option to dump the Lustre debugging log ...to manually dump the log and post-process logs that are dumped automatically. For more information about the lctl tool, see Section 23.2.3: The lctl Tool and Section 31.3: lctl in the Lustre Operations Manual.
- Lustre subsystem asserts. A panic-style assertion in the kernel causes Lustre to
dump the debug log to the file /tmp/lustre-log.<timestamp> where it can be retrieved after a reboot. Cliff review.
- lfs. This utility provides access to the extended attributes (EAs) of a Lustre file (along with other information). For more information about lfs, see Section 27.1: lfs] in the Lustre Operations Manual.
External debugging tools
Tools for administrators and developers
The tools described in this section are provided in the Linux kernel or are available at an external website.
Some general debugging tools are: Do we need to provide links to more info for these?
- strace. This tool allows a system call to be traced.
- /var/log/messages. syslogd prints fatal or serious messages at this log.
- Crash dumps. On crash-dump enabled kernels, sysrq c produces a crash dump. Lustre enhances this crash dump with a log dump (the last 64 KB of the log) to the console.
- debugfs. Interactive file system debugger.
The following logging and data collection tools can be used to collect information for debugging Lustre kernel issues:
- kdump. A Linux kernel crash utility useful for debugging a system running Red Hat Enterprise Linux. For more information about kdump, see the Red Hat knowledge base article How do I configure kexec/kdump on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5?. To download kdump, go to the Fedora Project Download site.
- netdump. A crash dump utility from Red Hat that allows memory images to be dumped over a network to a central server for analysis. It is now obsolete and has been replaced by kdump. Check this with brian murrell - send email 1/28.
- netconsole. Supports kernel-level network logging over UDP. A system requires (SysRq) allows users to collect relevant data through netconsole. For more information, see Netconsole. Content is still relevant - check that it is accurate
Tools for developers
The tools described in this section may be useful for debugging Lustre™ in a development environment.
Of general interest is:
- leak_finder.pl. This program is useful for finding memory leaks in the code. Where can this be obtained?
A virtual machine is often used to create an isolated development and test environment. Some commonly-used virtual machines are:
- VirtualBox Open Source Edition. Provides enterprise-class virtualization capability for all major platforms and is available free from Sun Microsystems at Get Sun Virtual Box.
- VMware Server. Virtualization platform available as free introductory software at Download VMware Server.
- Xen. A para-virtualized environment with virtualization capabilities similar to VMware Server and Virtual Box. However, Xen allows the use of modified kernels to provide near-native performance and the ability to emulate shared storage. For more information, see Using Xen with Lustre or go to xen.org]
A variety of debuggers and analysis tools are available including:
- kgdb. The Linux Kernel Source Level Debugger kgdb is used in conjunction with the GNU Debugger gdb for debugging the Linux kernel.
- For more information about using kgdb with gdb, see Chapter 6. Running Programs Under gdb in the Red Hat Linux 4 Debugging with GDB guide.
- The debugger also supports the use of User Datagram Protocol (UDP) for remote debugging. For more information, see ipgdb.sourceforge.net. Is this a good link?
- KGDB and Using kgdb with UDP - these pages to be deleted - Robert Read says KGDB content is generic rather than Lustre specific
- Does this need to be mentioned? We provide kgdb patches for some kernels like rhel4 with the Lustre patches (these are not patched in by default). Get patches from ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/people/akpm/patches/2.5/
- lcrash. A utility that generates detailed kernel information and provides the ability to generate reports about system crash dumps. For more information, see man page. Is this a good link?
- crash. Red Hat Crash Utility?? is used to analyze saved crash dump data when a system had panicked or locked up or appears unresponsive.
crash vmlinux crash_dump
- For more information about using crash to analyze a crash dump, see:
- - Red Hat Magazine article A quick overview of Linux kernel crash dump analysis.
- - Crash Usage: A Case Study from the white paper Red Hat Crash Utility by David Anderson.
- - Kernel Trap forum entry Linux: Kernel Crash Dumps.
- - White paper A Quick Overview of Linux Kernel Crash Dump Analysis.